The Arctic Circle is a line of latitude at 66.5 degrees north. Human geography incorporates studies of human culture, spatial relationships, interactions between humans and the environment, and many other areas of research that involve the different subspecialties of geography. Summarize the physical geography of the Korean peninsula. GIS also focuses on storing information about the earth (both cultural and natural) in computer databases that can be retrieved and displayed in the form of specialized maps for specific purposes or analyses. The regions are artificial segments that allow scientists to compare areas of the world in detail. The earth rotates on its axis once every twenty-four hours at the rate of 15 degrees per hour (15 × 24 = 360). Absolute location, on the other hand, refers to an exact point on the earth’s surface without regard to how that point is related to any other place. Relative location is the location on the earth’s surface with reference to other places, taking into consideration features such as transportation access or terrain. Attention is paid to unique characteristics of a particular region such as natural elements, human elements, and regionalization which covers the techniques of delineating space into regions. A region itself is defined as a part of the Earth’s surface with one or many similar characteristics that make it unique from other areas. Geospatial techniques are tools used by geographers to illustrate, manage, and manipulate spatial data. a. The line is the longest when you travel along in an east-west direction. A formal region known for its high economic status and its ideal of justice. Time zones are established roughly every 15 degrees longitude so that local times correspond to similar hours of day and night. It may be seen from this figure that all the three types of analysis, i.e., spatial, ecological, and complex regional have theoretical and applied aspects. For example, between the United States and Mexico, the Rio Grande makes up a portion of the border. One needs to be super conscious to avoid this trap. A number of alterations have been made to the International Date Line to accommodate political agreements to include an island or country on one side of the line or another. As it rotates around the sun, the tilt of the earth’s axis provides different climatic seasons because of the variations in the angle of direct sunlight on the planet. Spatial studies can play an important role in regional geography. Regional geography is a unique field of geology which studies regions. The Tropic of Capricorn is the parallel at 23.5 degrees south of the equator and is the most southerly location on Earth, receiving direct sunlight during the Southern Hemisphere’s summer. Learning Goal 2: Students will learn the regional geography of the world, particularly from the perspective of how human, physical and environmental components of the world interact. A Neolithic mummy of a man who died in 3300 BCE caused tension between Italy and Switzerland: the body was originally taken to Innsbruck, Switzerland, but when it was determined that the body was found about 90 meters (180 feet) inside the border of Italy, Italian officials laid claim to the body. The focus is on the spatial relationships within any field of study, such as regional economics, resource management, regional planning, and landscape ecology. The equator is the largest circle of latitude on Earth. Geography involves studies that are much broader than simply understanding the shape of the earth’s landforms. Also, in the United States, the terms Midwest or South have many variations. They use computer programs to take raw data to develop the information these organizations need for making vital decisions. They function to serve a region and may have established boundaries for limits of the area to which they will provide service. It was later criticised for its descriptiveness and the lack of theory. Over the last two decades, GIS has revolutionized the field of cartography: nearly all cartography is now done with the assistance of GIS software. How does the discipline of geography provide a bridge between the social sciences and the physical sciences? Functional regions have boundaries related to a practical function within a given area. Can you list a formal region, a functional region, and a vernacular region that would include where you live? This area does not experience dramatic seasonal changes because the amount of direct sunlight received does not vary widely. Formal regions consist of geographic regions, cultural regions, governmental regions and economic regions. Physical factors of significance can include location, climate type, and terrain. Kentucky also borders the metropolitan city of Cincinnati. AREA: REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY. The actual International Date Line does not follow the 180-degree meridian exactly. Geographers and cartographers organize locations on the earth using a series of imaginary lines that encircle the globe.  Yet, according to Karna Lidmar-Bergström regional geography is since the 1990s not longer accepted by mainstream scholarship as a basis for geomorphological studies.. In this diagram, 75 W is the central meridian for the eastern standard time zone in the United States. In geography, the three types of regions are: formal, functional and vernacular. Most people think of area studies as the whole of geography. Objectives. Wikimedia Commons – public domain. Climate regions may include the tropics, the highlands, the humid subtropics, the marine-west coast, the long and short summer mid-latitude climates, and so on. Then we will analyze the birth and diffusion of the Industrial Revolution within Europe. At times, it is dark for most of the twenty-four-hour day. Geographic information science (GIS), often referred to as geographic information systems, uses a computer program to assimilate and manage many layers of map data, which then provide specific information about a given place. Regional geography studies the specific unique characteristics of places related to their culture, economy, topography, climate, politics and environmental factors such as their different species of flora and fauna. Each individual might have a different idea about the location of the boundaries of the South or the Midwest. The rural peripheral regions of the state are home to agriculture and mining. In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics, human impact characteristics, and the interaction of humanity and the environment. Physical or land region is an area with geographic boundaries. STUDY. This is the same time under which many military operations, international radio broadcasts, and air traffic control systems operate worldwide. Regional Geography Essay Examples. Google Earth is an excellent example of a computer tool that illustrates remotely sensed images of locations on the earth. These two main areas are similar in that they both use a spatial perspective, and they both include the study of place and the comparison of one place with another. Schaefer. The 0 and 180 lines do not have a letter attached to them. Natural physical geographic features have a huge influence on where political boundaries of formal regions are set. Europes northernmost point is the Svalbard archipelago of Norway, and it reaches as far south as the islands of Greece and Malta. Describe how South Korea developed a high standard of living and a prosperous economy. China, for example, is as large in land area as the United States yet operates on only one time zone for the entire country. Maps are the most common method of illustrating different spatial qualities, and geographers create and use maps to communicate spatial data about the earth’s surface. If the newspaper goes bankrupt, the functional region no longer exists. Kentucky ranks close to the middle range of the fifty US states in terms of its population of 4.3 million people. Notable figures in regional geography were Alfred Hettner in Germany, with his concept of chorology; Paul Vidal de la Blache in France, with the possibilism approach (possibilism being a softer notion than environmental determinism); and, in the United States, Richard Hartshorne with his concept of areal differentiation. The region between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn is known as the tropics. Today, we’re going to look at various types of regional geography found throughout the world. North of the Arctic Circle, the sun is above the horizon for twenty-four continuous hours at least once per year and below the horizon for twenty-four continuous hours at least once per year. Just as you were taught in geometry that there are 360 degrees in a circle or a sphere, the earth also has 360 degrees, and they are measured using a grid pattern called the graticule. Elsewhere, the increased angle of incoming solar radiation near the earth’s poles results in more reflected sunlight and thus a cooler climate. Categories . Main critics were G. H. T. Kimble and Fred K. What is geography concerned with? For example, a functional region can be defined by a newspaper service or delivery area. While cartography continues to be an extremely important part of geography, geographers also look at spatial (space) and temporal (time) relationships between many types of data, including physical landscape types, economies, and human activity. You walk and walk and walk, and then you're in the suburbs and you keep walking and walking and walking, and then you're in the countryside and you're still walking. Geographers use the regional unit to map features of particular interest, and data can be compared between regions to help understand trends, identify patterns, or assist in explaining a particular phenomenon. A biome is a community of animals and plants spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate. From these lines, the systems of longitude and latitude are formed, allowing you to locate yourself anywhere on the planet. The tilt of the earth’s axis at 23.5 degrees helps create the earth’s seasonal transitions by either absorbing or reflecting the sun’s energy. Some geographers have also attempted to reintroduce a certain amount of regionalism since the 1980s. A region is a basic unit of study in geography—a unit of space characterized by a feature such as a common government, language, political situation, or landform. The non-English portion is in Hungarian because of the European participants in the race. Environmental geography requires an understanding of both physical and human geography, as well as an understanding of how humans conceptualize their environment and the physical landscape. When the function of an area ends, the functional region ends and its boundaries cease to exist. World regional geography is the study of a particular group of world regions or realms as each compares with the rest of the world. The sun is directly above the Tropic of Capricorn at noon on December 21 or 22, marking the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of summer in the Southern Hemisphere. A region is the basic unit of study in geography. Europe extends from the island nation of Iceland in the west to the Ural Mountains of Russia in the east. During winter, the North Pole is away from the sun and does not receive much sunlight. The idea of regions is crucial and widely used by different branches of geography with each describing an area in regional terms. For example- in the United States, there is a major physical region known as the Great Plains. Similarly, the AmazonRiver region in South America is charact… Annals of the Association of American Geographers, "The major landforms of the bedrock of Sweden–with a view onthe relationships between physical geography and geology", Geographic data and information organizations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Regional_geography&oldid=992463129, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 11:42. It is the farthest point north that receives sunlight during its winter season (90 N − 23.5 = 66.5 N). Finally, we will identify the different types of international cooperations since … Rooted in the tradition of the German-speaking countries, the two pillars of regional geography are the idiographic study of Länder or spatial individuals (specific places, countries, continents) and the typological study of Landschaften or spatial types (landscapes such as coastal regions, mountain regions, border regions, et… Beyond the Geography Core Requirements, students choose a minimum of 12 credit hours from Human or Regional Geography. This involves a complex definition of regions and their interactions with other scales. Church parishes, shopping malls, and business service areas are other examples of functional regions. UTC is set in zero- to twenty-four-hour time periods, as opposed to two twelve-hour time periods (a.m. and p.m.). Will you know when you pass from one place to another? GPS technology is widely implemented in the transport of people, goods, and services around the world. Just remember one thing- you can’t write what a non-Geography background candidate would in any case write. Apart from the global … Political geography: This branch of human geography studies and investigates the political aspects of humans. The exploitation of offshore fisheries can also be disputed. The Tropic of Cancer is the parallel at 23.5 degrees north of the equator, which is the most northerly place on Earth, receiving direct sunlight during the Northern Hemisphere’s summer. Factors for comparison include both the physical and the cultural landscape. The discipline of geography can be broken down into two main areas of focus: physical geography and human geography. The theoretical aspect of spatial analysis deals with spatial interaction theory, diffusion theory, and others; while its applied aspect covers watershed development, urban places, and others. Which of the five themes of geography would a person most likely use to study the importation of Chinese goods into the United States? The major forms of study within physical geography include the following: Some physical geographers study the earth’s place in the solar system. How is the cultural landscape influenced by the physical landscape? The discipline is divided into two types: physical geography that focuses on the nature of the earth and human geography that attempts to explain how human utilizes and manages space. The state’s 40,409-square-mile physical area ranks it thirty-seventh in size in the United States. Cloud Monitoring Market Forecast Including Growth Factors, Types And Application By Regional Geography 2020 mangesh 1 second ago The research study of the global Cloud Monitoring market provides the market size information and market trends along with the factors and parameters impacting it in both the short and long term. World regional geography is the study of a particular group of world regions or realms as each compares with the rest of the world. The continental United States has four main time zones (see Table 1.1 “Four Main Time Zones in the Continental United States and Their Central Meridians” and Figure 1.7 “Major Time Zones of the World”). The Cultural-region is the term used in cultural geography; environmental geography uses ecoregion and bioregion in biogeography. Regional geography is still taught in some universities as a study of the major regions of the world, such as Northern and Latin America, Europe, and Asia and their countries. Around the same time, many ancient cultures in China, southern Asia, Polynesia, and the Arabian Peninsula also developed maps and navigation systems used in geography and cartography. Traditionally, the field of cartography, or map making, has been a vital discipline for geographers. The GIS computer program can sort or analyze layers of data to illustrate a specific feature or activity. The equator divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and is called 0 degrees latitude. The limit of a vernacular area is more a matter of perception than of any formally agreed-upon criteria. A region can be a formal country governed by political boundaries, such as France or Canada; a region can be defined by a landform, such as the drainage basin of all the water that flows into the Mississippi River; and a region can even be defined by the area served by a shopping mall. Physical landscape is the term used to describe the natural terrain at any one place on the planet. Many US state and national parks attempt to preserve unique physical landscapes for the public to enjoy, such as Yellowstone, Yosemite, and the Grand Canyon. If you look at a world map, you will recognize that many political boundaries are natural features, such as rivers, mountain ranges, and large lakes. ET The urban core areas are home to industry and service centers. World regional geography studies various world regions as they compare with the rest of the world. Regional geography is still one of the main occupations of geographers, especially in teaching and in the field of geographical representations of the world, and over the last two or more decades, the most outstanding geographers have made several propositions for the conceptual revision of regional geography. Figure 1.3 Basic Lines of Longitude and Latitude. Summarize the grid system of latitude and longitude and how it relates to seasons and time zones. The International Date Line (180 degrees longitude) is opposite the prime meridian and indicates the start of each day (Monday, Tuesday, etc.). Again, this textbook takes a regional approach with a focus on themes that illustrate the globalization process, which in turn helps us better understand our global community. Table 1.1 Four Main Time Zones in the Continental United States and Their Central Meridians. For example, the rainfall regions, the variability of rainfall regions, the plants association regions, soil regions (black-earth region of India), etc., must be decided on as regional limits and all such limits are subject to change through time or by purpose of the regional geographer. In reality, geography is the study of the earth, including how human activity has changed it. Draw a map of your home state or province and include lines of latitude and longitude. Geographic regions and sub-regions are mostly described by their imprecisely defined, and sometimes transitory boundaries, except in human geography, where jurisdiction areas such as national borders are defined in law. During the Northern Hemisphere’s summer, the North Pole faces more toward the sun and may receive sunlight for longer portions of the twenty-four-hour day. Geographers also look at how the earth, its climate, and its landscapes are changing due to cultural intervention. The two primary lines are the equator and the prime meridian. Cartography is the art and science of making maps, which illustrate data in a spatial form and are invaluable in understanding what is going on at a given place at a given time.  The regional geography paradigm has influenced many other geographical sciences, including economic geography and geomorphology. Equinoxes, when the line of direct sunlight hits the equator and days and nights are of equal length, occur in the spring and fall on or around March 20 or 21 and September 22 or 23. Notice that all lines of latitude are parallel to the equator (they are often called parallels) and that the North Pole equals 90 degrees N and the South Pole equals 90 degrees S. Noted parallels include both the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, which are 23.5 degrees from the equator. In physical geography, zoogeography, ecology, environmental geography, and biogeography regions are based on numerous natural features like mountain ranges, national regions, bi… Formal boundaries can separate states, provinces, or countries from one another. A problem with the 15-degree time zones is that the zones do not necessarily follow state, regional, or local boundaries. The discipline of geography bridges the social sciences with the physical sciences. When it is winter in the north, it is summer in the south. The lines north of the equator toward the North Pole are north latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter “N.” The lines south of the equator toward the South Pole are south latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter “S.” The equator (0 latitude) is the only line of latitude without any letter following the number. CONTENT 2.1 IDENTIFY ELEMENTS OF REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY BASICS 2.1.1 Explain Natural Environment 2.1.2 Explain Human Geographies 2.1.3 Explain Political Geographies 2.1 4 Explain Economic Geographies 2.2 EXPLAIN NATURAL ENVIRONMENT 2.2.1 Discuss global climate change … Put simply, regional geography is a branch of geography that studies the world’s regions. Human Geography in general and Regional Planning in particular can easily play its tricks in the examination. Distinguish between the different types of regional distinctions recognized in geography. Understand the focus of geography and the two main branches of the discipline. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs. Do not confuse the International Date Line with the prime meridian (0 longitude). The sun is directly above the Tropic of Cancer at noon on June 20 or 21, marking the beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of winter in the Southern Hemisphere. Continental region, cultural region, milieu theory, natural region, nodal region, pays, region, regional atlas, regional identity, regional science, polarised space. , Regional geography was once used as a basis for the geomorphological works such as those of David Linton and Henri Baulig. Rooted in the tradition of the German-speaking countries, the two pillars of regional geography are the idiographic study of Länder or spatial individuals (specific places, countries, continents) and the typological study of Landschaften or spatial types (landscapes such as coastal regions, mountain regions, border regions, etc.). Other countries address the problem differently. Regional geography is also a certain approach to geographical study, comparable to quantitative geography or critical geography. Other US states could also be used as examples. Human geography is the study of human activity and its relationship to the earth’s surface. It focuses on the interaction of different cultural and natural geofactors in a specific land or landscape, while its counterpart, systematic geography, concentrates on a specific geofactor at the global level. Spatial dynamics assist in identifying and evaluating cultural differences between places. Alpine mountain ranges in Europe create borders, such as the boundary between Switzerland and Italy. The US state of Kentucky is one example that can be used to compare formal political regions. Places receiving more direct sunlight experience a warmer climate. Europe is sometimes described as a peninsula of peninsulas. The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Three main types of boundaries define a region: formal, functional, and vernacular. Similarly, various regions of the United States have been referred to as the Rust Belt, Sun Belt, or Bible Belt without a clear definition of their boundaries. Human factors include cultural traditions, ethnicity, language, religion, economics, and politics. The cultural landscape is the term used to describe those parts of the earth’s surface that have been altered or created by humans. Los Angeles. Then we will analyze the geography of post-WWI Europe, Southwest Asia (aka, the Middle East), and the League of Nations. Geography examines the spatial relationships between all physical and cultural phenomena in the world. Because maps are powerful graphic tools that allow us to illustrate relationships and processes at work in the world, cartography and geographic information systems have become important in modern sciences. PLAY. GIS can also refer to techniques used to represent, analyze, and predict spatial relationships between different phenomena. Cultural regions can be defined by similarities in human activities, traditions, or cultural attributes. B. movement A region that is administered by the United States government is an example of a __________ region. The following eleven realms are outlined in this text: Identify the following key places on a map: Table 1.1 “Four Main Time Zones in the Continental United States and Their Central Meridians”, Figure 1.7 “Major Time Zones of the World”, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike.
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