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Get your history fix in one place: sign up for the weekly TIME History newsletter, Myrtle’s experience is one with which many students today would empathize. 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But when the COVID-19 outbreak reached the Bay Area, the letters suddenly took on a whole new meaning. By the time the closure actually ended a month later, almost 1,000 members of the university community, including students and faculty, had fallen ill with the flu. When the manager of the Lawrence movie houses refused to shut down the theaters, the commander of the Training Corps stationed members at entrances to ensure they didn’t open to students. Students are FORBIDDEN to leave Lawrence—to do so would help spread infection. So that’s kind of the lesson for today. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in English. Dwelling houses on one side of the street and barracks on the other. I certainly like my school work and time goes so fast, have all my classes in the forenoon but the lessons are so long it takes all P.M. and until 10 P.M. to prepare lessons for next day. But what is perhaps most notable about the letter is how little of it is dedicated to the flu. The barracks here are built in town but they are on K.U. The Spanish flu, also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic caused by the H1N1 influenza A virus. “And I found in the fall of 1918, they also talk about the pandemic and how it affected Berkeley and the Bay Area,” Bruce said. Lasting from February 1918 to April 1920, it infected 500 million people – about a third of the world's population at the time – in four successive waves. ©2020 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved. And as demand for medical facilities and doctors outweighed the supply, the Student Army’s barracks were turned into makeshift hospitals, where the university’s medical students came to help. And just like today, there was distancing. Here Are 4 Reasons to Hold Off, You can unsubscribe at any time. NORTH OGDEN — From the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic, regular comparisons have been made between the 1918 Spanish flu outbreak and the situation Americans find themselves in today. Soldiers looked forward to letters from home to help break the boredom, stress, homesickness, and loneliness. By signing up you are agreeing to our, The History of Infographics During Public Health Crises, Sign up to receive the top stories you need to know now on politics, health and more, © 2020 TIME USA, LLC. Print. Seventy-three new cases today. Updated March 20, 2020 A LETTER FROM F. SCOTT FITZGERALD, QUARANTINED IN 1920 IN THE SOUTH OF FRANCE DURING THE SPANISH INFLUENZA OUTBREAK. As makeshift hospitals began filling up, Mary reported people were being pressed into service as health care workers. But when the COVID-19 outbreak reached the Bay Area, the letters suddenly took on a whole new meaning. The letters formed the basis for Collier’s 1974 book The Plague of the Spanish Lady: The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919. This notification of the death of an army private is one of thousands sent from military bases to families and other government officials. The over a century old correspondence describes life at home in the Bay Area to her husband Charles, who was away on a business trip. “She told him that Oakland had collected over $7,000 in fines for people not wearing masks,” Bruce said. Her grandfather had the flu while travelling on a troop ship called the HMS Monas Queen from France to England and described the experience in a letter dated March 24, 1919. In response to the spread of the novel coronavirus, more than 1,000 colleges and universities in the U.S. have shut down, affecting an estimated 14 million students. No one is still living to remind Bay Area residents what it was like in 1918, but their words live on, if we are wise enough to listen to them. Stacie Petersen, exhibitions manager and registrar at the World War I Museum, says that Myrtle’s blasé tone shows “an acceptance of what is happening. A letter purportedly written by F. Scott Fitzgerald during the Spanish Influenza quarantine in 1920 went viral on social media. Newspapers would list who had died, printing the names and addresses of people caught without a mask. In some of the letters, Vern made reference to life under quarantine, as well as what it was like to have the Spanish flu. All Rights Reserved. Heard you folks had it this fall but hope you are all over it and feeling fine. Record held at: National Archives at Chicago. The 1918 flu outbreak was one of the most devastating pandemics in world history, infecting one third of the world's population and killing an … The front page of the University Daily Kansan announced the decision. Vowel had the Spanish flu … The Spanish Influenza, and the Armistice of that same year, 1918, were fresh in the minds of my parents and their contemporaries. I have thought of you many times but to day [sic] is the first time that I succeeded in finding time to write you a few lines. If we do not happen to see each other at school, he comes down in the afternoon after class and if he hasn’t time to come, I go to the barracks and he comes out. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our, 'It Is Pretty Bad Down Here at Present.' And the boys here will be pleased to get out too. each morning and then they are free the rest of the day until 5:30 for retreat. Bruce also noted  there was more transparency in the information made available than today. By viewing our video content, you are accepting the terms of our. Ralph and I are fine, and have not gotten the “flue” [sic] yet altho [sic] it is pretty bad down here at present. While that sounds harsh, Bruce explained it made the public understand how serious the situation was. Century-Old Letters Written During 1918 Spanish Flu Shed Light On Current Pandemic BERKELEY (CBS SF) — A historian in Berkeley has always treasured the family letters written more than 100 years ago that were passed down to him. We rec’d a letter from the folks at home this morn. Nov 5, 2020 11:59 AM By: Canadian Press. The note, pictured above and transcribed below, is part of a larger collection of letters donated by the descendants of Jacob Myer to the National World War I Museum and Memorial; Myer, whose mother was the recipient of the letter, eventually died of the flu. Courtesy of National WWI Museum and Memorial, Thinking About a PlayStation 5 or Xbox Series X/S? “And by January, it was back, and worse than the first time. The seas were running mountain high and a man’s size gale blowing,” reads the letter on yellow, crumbling paper. and the flue [sic] is awful bad around there now. They must remain in Lawrence.”. What archives in L.A. devoted to 1918 Spanish flu can teach us about coronavirus A century before coronavirus, L.A. faced panic over 1918 Spanish flu - Los Angeles Times To receive letters that their mothers, siblings, best friends, girlfriends, and wives were ill or died from the Spanish flu—often weeks after the fact—became a mental torture for men and women in the service of their country. Similar to today, volunteers in the community had stepped up to try to fight the pandemic. On Oct. 8, 1918, faced with the reality of that year’s flu pandemic, the chancellor of the University of Kansas ordered a temporary shutdown of the school, expecting it to only last for a week. I try to see Ralph once each day. la gripe noun: influenza, grippe: la enfermedad noun: disease, illness, sickness, disorder, ailment, malady: gripa: flu: Find more words! Letter says camp put "under quarantine to prevent an epidemic of Spanish influenza" Martin "Al" Culhane in letter told his brother to keep infection secret from rest of family First World War letters shed light on Spanish flu that has parallels with COVID-19. Share on Facebook. The “Spanish Flu” pandemic had just started in this country and Mary — who boarded several UC Berkeley students — was required to report their conditions to authorities each day. Family wearing masks during 1918 Spanish flu pandemic (CBS). “The University will re-open Tuesday, October 15, unless notice is given to the contrary. Bobby Clifton of Virginia Beach recently found the three-page letter his mother had written during the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic. Wearing masks quickly became mandatory. Write to Anna Purna Kambhampaty at Anna.kambhampaty@time.com. “BY AUTHORITY AND DIRECTION OF THE STATE BOARD OF HEALTH there will be NO CLASSES in the University beginning at NOON today, October 8,” read the proclamation. BERKELEY (CBS SF) — A historian in Berkeley has always treasured the family letters written more than 100 years ago that were passed down to him. The family was photographed wearing theirs. have it, they thought it was not necessary to close college until they see that it must be done. There are several keyboard shortcuts you can use for Spanish letters and punctuation on your PC. For the Spanish ñ, press Ctrl + ~, then the n key. On a Mac. “We pulled out of the harbor loaded to the scuppers with soldiers. Updated Nov 6, 2020 2:05 AM. From his Berkeley home, Anthony Bruce has a window to the past in a stack of 40 letters written by his great grandmother Mary Rhodes. Struck down with the Spanish flu, he was in an isolation hospital and dreaming of home. The flu spread rapidly in institutional settings, including military barracks where men shared close quarters. Myrtle mentions someone who sounds like a love interest, Ralph, being in “the barracks”; he was likely part of the Student Army Training Corps, which played an active role in helping the university deal with the pandemic. I like it fine down here altho [sic] it is a different life in town than in the country. On October 18th, she wrote: “All schools in Berkeley are ordered closed. The parallels between coronavirus and the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic can be found in a World War 1 soldier's letters to his lady love, say his granddaughter. Suffragists found … She writes about typical student things: class, schoolwork, her relationship, and how life for her is generally fine. A year ago, before all of this, I stumbled upon a woman’s letter about her brief experience nursing soldiers through the 1918 flu. The 1918 outbreak has been called the Spanish flu because Spain, which remained neutral during World War I, was the first country to publicly report cases of the disease. We don’t want to just go back to normal right away.”. View Image. The so-called “Spanish flu” spread in three main waves, starting in March 1918 and coming to an end by the summer of 1919. More than 600,000 Americans would die from the Spanish Flu, with a staggering 50 million killed by the flu worldwide. It seems to be among the older folks and children. Mary wrote there were punishments for people who refused. By the end, the flu had infected nearly 500 million people, or a third of the world’s population, and caused an estimated 675,000 deaths in the U.S. George 'Black Jack' Vowel, Jacqueline Carmichael's grandfather, signed up with the Calgary Highlanders in September 1914. At this point in time with it being December 1918, the second wave of the flu had been going on now for a couple of months. What We Can Learn From 1918 Influenza Diaries These letters and journals offer insights on how to record one’s thoughts amid a pandemic The so-called “Spanish flu” spread in three main waves, starting in March 1918 and coming to an end by the summer of 1919. The 1918 flu also held a parallel to today’s instances of pandemic-related xenophobia, as the front page of the student newspaper announcing the school’s closure also had an article seizing on wartime anti-German sentiment to argue that the flu, which is believed to have caused its first known case right there in Kansas, “should be called Hun influenza, because it is a slick, sly, tricky and heartless ailment.”. And yet, as Mrytle’s letter shows, amid such a long-lasting pandemic, there were moments when life simply went on. The letters cover only about 30 days, but by the later correspondence there was already talk of lifting the bans. Campus. Ralph is still in the barracks, he is looking to be discharged most any day altho [sic] they have been waiting for discharging blanks to come, as each must fill out a blank and have a physical examination before he can get out of the army. How to Type Spanish Letters and Accents (á, é, í, ó, ú, ü, ñ, ¿, ¡) 67.5K There are several ways to configure your keyboard to type in the Spanish accented letters and upside-down punctuation (á, é, í, ó, ú, ü, ñ, ¿, ¡) and which one you use depends on the frequency with which you need these letters. More than a century later, as the world confronts another pandemic, the letter provides a look at what life was like at that moment—and how even the deadliest pandemic of modern history was the new normal for those who lived through it. The graded schools and High School is closed here but only a few students of K.U. Businesses were shut down with a special prohibition against dancing. It was after witnessing the worst of the virus that one student at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, wrote a letter to her aunt. Miss Hine is greatly upset. In the letter, the student, Myrtle, mentions that the flu—which she spells “flue,” a not-uncommon spelling at the time—“is awful bad” where her parents are and that schools near her university have shut down because it’s “pretty bad” there too. “They let up gradually on the restrictions starting in mid-November,” Bruce said. “As soon as she got off the ferry boat, there were Red Cross workers who would kind of pull you aside and try to give you a job,” Bruce said. But, these flu and death events were never mentioned in any conversation in my growing-up years! Forward by Email. The pandemic’s peak was during the second wave, which began in September 1918 and lasted through the fall. “Spanish flu” has been used to describe the flu pandemic of 1918 and 1919 and the name suggests the outbreak started in Spain. It struck me then as a vibrant example of a … My Dad lost two older brothers to the flu. Except, it had all happened before, during the Spanish flu, which arrived in 1918 and complicated plans for women’s suffrage then, too. This is beautiful weather for December and to think of such a heavy snow we already had at Thanksgiving seems almost impossible. If you’re using Office for Windows, use the following shortcuts: For accented vowels, press Ctrl + ', then the vowel you want to accent. January 1919. The boys who do not intend to go to school after being discharged have to drill all day long and the others only have to drill 1 hr. One of her boyfriends has just died at the infirmary.”. Spread in part by the war, the virus killed almost 200,000 Americans in October 1918 alone. For some students, though, life went on as normal—or, rather, as normal as could be at the height of a global public-health emergency. This first set is for newer computers and may only work in Microsoft Office. It is inevitable that those who lived through it experienced waves of fear and grief. As Americans suffer through the worst pandemic in a century, Bobby Clifton went in search of his mother's missive about the 1918 flu and found it deeply moving. Share on LinkedIn . “Interestingly, when I started looking at the book it was immediately clear that it was based on a lot of letters from Australia - and these weren’t present in the IWM collection,” says Hannah. On September 17, 1919, my great-grandfather wrote a letter to his wife. The next big pandemic would wait a full century to arrive. Record Group 18. A letter from an ancestor who worked as a nurse in Sydney during the Spanish flu reaffirms what we know about societal responsibility and protecting others Red Cross nurses in … Share on Twitter. It’s just what is happening in life.”. More Spanish words for flu. What We Can Learn From a Letter Written Just After the Height of the 1918 Flu Pandemic. 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