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Poplar leaves can achieve lengths of 6 and 7 inches, with many having widths larger than most birch leaves are long. It was noticeably bigger than the other Poplars, and lived far longer. has medicinal properties, with aspirin ingredients derived from the inner bark of the aspirin tree. It is a very easy to grow tree that survives in extreme heat and cold. We grow the - The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. Both of the aspen species have flattened petioles or leaf stems which makes the leaves flutter and clatter in every tiny breeze. Good luck, and feel free to ask questions in the comments! Cottonwood leaves are typically triangular with toothed and rounded edges, but the Narrowleaf Cottonwood has lance-like leaves. Old Timers — which meant adults — used to say when the Poplars showed their silver it was going to rain. The salve, used on burns and wounds is made by boiling the buds slowly in oil. It is a rapid grower in various soils and in different situations.It grows best in a rich,sandy and fairly moist soil.It is more shade-tolerant, and therefore more competi-tive, than quaking aspen and grows with other species in either scattered or small groves. Even as a kid I marveled at how the leaves of the genus quaked in the wind. Their roots, however, had the habit of entering drain and sewer systems, clogging them. Poplar Aspen & Cottonwood Types. Leaf of the Hybrid Black Poplar ‘Robusta’ in June. Leaves of Aspen and Birch Tree. Since they have a smooth texture and small pores, additional pore fillers are not required. Non-Native Poplar Species in Ireland. For a popular Poplar it is not common locally. Because aspen poplar leaf-out times (like flowering) are influenced by temperature, they can be used to monitor the biological effects of climate change. Swedish aspen thrives in a variety of growing conditions with little maintenance or pruning. Occasionally, a severe disease outbreak causes premature defoliation or dieback of parts of the tree. Poplar leaves vary in shape from the nearly triangular leaf of eastern cottonwood that resembles the ace of spades in a deck of playing cards to the almost round leaves of swamp cottonwood. Twigs grayish-yellow, stout, with large triangular leaf scars. Is this list complete? The Aspens are only slightly resinous and have on 6 to 12 stamens. Size: Grows to 200' tall and 6' in diameter. TIME OF YEAR: Catkins on single-sex trees early spring. A poplar is any kind of fast growing tree, and an Aspen is just one of them. Bark rough, dark on base of trunk, becoming pale greenish brown or nearly white, and marked with broad, dark bands below the limbs. These fast-growing trees require full sun and well-draining soils. It is high in Vitamin C. The sap can also be drunk and the catkins of some species are also edible. Yellow poplar vs Populus genus Color: Yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) generally has a green/olive cast to certain portions of the wood.This can sometimes be enough of an indicator to separate it from other Populus species, but to ensure separation, a closer look at the endgrain is needed.Rays: A helpful key in differentiating these two genera is in the rays. Populus grandidentata is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to North America, found mostly in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Bark  silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, dark gray and deeply fissured on older trees. are both deciduous trees with light-colored thin bark and leaves that turn yellow in autumn.Both are native to North America and are planted as ornamental landscaping trees. )Slender tree, 40 to 80 feet high, with angular, scarred twigs, and large, vigorous roots. Bigtooth Aspen; Eastern Cottonwood; Quaking Aspen; Bigtooth Aspen Populus grandidentata: Noun ()A kind of poplar tree (genus ). Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. IDENTIFICATION: Eastern Cottonwood. The leaves of aspen and Eastern cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood and balsam poplar are ovate. The Hybrid Poplar is a sterile fast growing medium-shaped tree, which makes a nice shade tree as well as for screens and windbreaks. The Lombardy Poplar, which is an improved hybrid, has a very narrow shape that makes stately lines. Usually the winter buds of the Poplars are very resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens (the male part of the flowers.) METHOD OF PREPARATION: Inner bark edible raw or cooked. The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. Since these trees grow to be quite large, they can be used for making wide boards. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Individual aspen trees live about 80 years in natural forests but may only survive 20 years in urban settings. Gary W. Carter/Getty Images. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. So, if you want to make a salve you have to collect buds in the winter. As for the name, Populus deltoides (POP-you-los del-TOY-deez). Female catkins, green, 2.5 to 5 inches long, seed capsules in early summer, releasing numerous small seeds attached to cotton-like strands. Aspen and Poplar Leaf Spots Author: W.R. Jacobi Subject: Foliage diseases can reduce the aesthetic value of aspen and cottonwood. She claimed that aspen was the only "proper" material from which make a wicker basket. Learn how your comment data is processed. Luster Leaf; Aspects; Lawn & Garden Products; Woodlink; Birds Choice; View all Brands; Annual Care Kits Tree Health ... Poplar Aspen & Cottonwood Types. The wood is also used for boxes, crates, furniture, plywood, matches and paper products. (uncountable) The wood of such a tree. Triangular; 3"-6" long (but sometimes much larger); green above and white below, often with rusty markings. Varieties of Poplar. Aspis, the aspen's Greek name, means shield, which was one of the many traditional uses of its wood. On November 16, 2018 By JT. Aspen trees are popular specimens for fall foliage in the West. This is another relative that grows taller—50 to 80 feet—than quaking aspen. While Poplars and Aspens are in the same genus there are differences. are deciduous trees that belong to the Salicaceae or willow family. A birch leaf is longer than an Aspen leaf. But be careful with common names! But scholars think it came from arbor-populi, meaning “tree of the people.” Deltoides means triangular, referring to the leaf shape. Aspen – the leaves are heart shaped to rounded and are about 2 to 2 1/2 inches long. Aspens are a type of Poplar. Swedish aspen produces no fluff and is less prone to suckering than tower poplar. Among the edible poplars are the Populus angustifolia (Narrow Leaf Poplar) Populus fremontii (Fremont cottonwood which actually might be a P. deltoides variation or even P. deltoides v. wislizeni or P. deltoides v. monilifera) P. grandidentata (Large Toothed Aspen) Populus sargentii (Sargent Cottonwood) Populus alba (White Popular from Europe) and Populus tremuloides, (the Aspen of Colorado fame.). The genus includes the balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera), aspen or the white poplar (Populus alba), the gray poplar (Populus canescens), the black poplar (Populus nigra), and the cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Quaking aspen has smaller heart-shaped to circular (orbicular) leaves with fine (serrate) teeth on the edges. The poplar trees are of the populus genus and belong to the salicaceae family. green or yellow cast for certain portions, large rays giving some ray fleck compared to other woods, mostly used as a filler, for a cabinet back or under a veneer, poplar is readily available for sale at lumberyards. Leaves: Simple, alternate, deciduous. I’ve compared popular and aspen, and now you must make the choice of which wood to use for your project. However, information that is received via satellite must be correlated with the leaf-out that is happening on the ground. Aspen or Quaking Aspen Poplar Tree Aspen, or Quaking Asp (Populus tremuloides, Michx. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. Other names for Liriodendron tulipifera are yellow poplar, tulip poplar or American tulipwood. In profile, the leaves of the yellow-poplar actually look like tulips. Twigs have a bitter, aspirin like taste. Change ). ), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 9, depending on species, and aspen (Populus spp.) Description. igtooth aspen, poplar or popple occurs statewide and commonly grows with quaking aspen. The bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata) is named for the ridges (or "teeth") that run along its leaf margins that are much bigger than those on quaking aspens. Aspen Vs. Poplar In Woodworking. Winter buds slender, pointed,  to .75 inch long, yellowish brown, resinous. Oh, the root wood of the Eastern Cottonwood was also used by the natives for drill and baseboard for friction fire lighting. The Eastern Cottonwood is an impressive tree and was once planted as a favorite street tree and shade tree. The Populus genus or poplar family includes the: All of these have distinct latin names, prefixed with populus. The wax coats the buds to reduce water loss. Fortunately edible Poplars elsewhere are numerous and well-distributed. Some leaves in April can be very white underneath and can easily be mistaken for those of the White Poplar. I know where there is one (1) Eastern Conttonwood. Aspen crowns found in ancient burial mounds may have been included to allow the spirits of the deceased to be reborn. Large tree  to 100 feet, trunk 5 feet through. Usually the winter buds of the Poplars are very resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens (the male part of the flowers.) Due to this trembling it can be quite loud, creating a crackling sound. The name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and grandidentata refers to the coarse teeth on the leaves (grandis meaning "large", and dentata meaning "toothed").. Quaking aspen stands are most flammable in spring and from late summer to early fall, when surface vegetation is dormant and dry [ 16 , 21 ]. Yellow poplar or tulipwood is widely called poplar by those who buy, sell, and use the wood. Populus is latin for “people”  but can also mean a crowd or a multitude and in many places these trees grow in colonies. On the other hand the leaf of the quaking aspen is more heart-shaped leaf with small rounded teeth. The edges are finely serrated or toothed. The mature bark is gray to white with distinguishing dark diamond shape blotches. These same adults also never said “Balm of Gilead” as three words but rather one:  bah-mah-GILL-ee-id. They are bandied about as if they are a different genus, only Poplar is a genus. Cottonwoods are easily identifiable by their glossy-green leaves that glint in the sun when rustled by the breeze. ( Log Out /  1-844-873-3700 Mon-Fri 9am - 5pm Mountain time, home » griffin / brooks #1 poplar vs trembling aspen. Some of the features of aspen for woodworkers are as follows: Both aspen and yellow poplar are soft and lightweight compared to other woods available on the market. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. But why only one poplar nearby? This "trimmed" top helps distinguish the leaves from those of maples and sycamores.   But they are also members of the willow family, as is Lombardy poplar (Populus nigra), for example. In colonies of with willows, often first to inhabit new sandbars or bare flood plains. The answer is roots. Leaf litter dries out earlier in deciduous than in conifer forests, so the fire season may be longer in quaking aspen and balsam poplar than in spruce forests . Many woodworkers and other people would like to find out how aspen vs poplar compare. Populus tremuloides is a deciduous tree native to cooler areas of North America, one of several species referred to by the common name aspen.It is commonly called quaking aspen, trembling aspen, American aspen, mountain or golden aspen, trembling poplar, white poplar, and popple, as well as others. It is one of the softest hardwoods available, making it very popular among woodworkers and other furniture makers. ( Log Out /  The white birch has an ovate or spear-shaped leaf with a double-serrated edge or leaf margin. With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we've expanded the list to 224 different species. Lombardy Poplar leaves are diamond-shaped. Above a certain elevation, the aspens gave way to scrubby, gnarled pines. Birch (Betula spp. Here in the south there are two Poplars and one Aspen, P. deltoides (the only local one) Populus heterophylla (found in northern Florida and the gulf states) and Populus grandidentata, found occasionally in North Carolina and Virginia. Poplar, widely used in woodworking in the United States, belongs to the species Liriodendron tulipifera and does not belong to the Populus genus of trees, which actually contains the true poplars. poles and canoe peddles are made from aspen wood, wooden matches are also made by steaming logs, paler in color when compared to other woods, medium texture and moderate luster when compared to other woods. Additionally, with the help of satellites, leafing (or “green-up”) can be monitored over a much larger geographical area than can flowering (which requires on-the-ground observation). It was eaten not only by North American natives but peoples in Europe and Asia. Often found growing in open, moist sites along waterways. This family of shrubs and trees is infamous for having vigorous root systems that seek out water. Here are many of its features: Aspen is the most widely grown tree in North America belonging to the Populus genus. Not exactly environmental progress. This led to many municipalities banning the Poplar. Aspen (adjective) Of or pertaining to the aspen, or resembling it; made of aspen wood. The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. All rights reserved. Poplars (Populus spp.) While Poplars and Aspens are in the same genus there are differences. These noticeable differences make identification of each tree relatively straightforward, as long as the leaves are out. Silver-leafed poplar (Populus alba) has a different angle. The cambium was often cut into strips and boiled or dried, ground and mixed with flour to make bread and or mush. However, since aspen is very easy to grow and grows very quickly, it is cheaper than poplar, though poplar is used more extensively in woodworking and furniture. The so-called inner bark, the cambium, of the poplars listed below is edible raw. The local Native Americans knew they were approaching aspen trees long before they could see them because of this distinct sound. The edges are more roughly serrated or toothed. There are some three dozen species of Poplar in the world, about 15 in North America. It is also used for making sunscreen. Yellow-poplar leaves are flat and slightly lobed and appear to be trimmed across the top, with two deeper lobes on either side of the midrib (the primary rib or central vein). Leaves are large, triangular, to 4 inches long and wide, flattened base, coarsely toothed, the teeth are curved and gland tipped,  petiole is flat. The real answer here is about taxonomy, the classification of plants (& other things). That Note that while aspen is a hardwood, you’re better off playing it eliminating risk and applying a pre-stain wood conditioner (for more on this, see Carve Your Creation) before staining it. The resin comes from a wax that coats the buds in the winter. ; Instead there were the white of aspens , streaks of branch and slender trunk glistening from the green of leaves. They look broader or fatter than Birch leaves. The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. Roots dried for use in friction fire making. An Aspen is a poplar. ENVIRONMENT: Likes to border streams and wet valley soil. The Grey Poplar leaf shape is a cross between the Aspen and the White Poplar. And boiled or dried, ground and mixed with flour to make bread and or mush shaped... Balm of Gilead ” as three words but rather one: bah-mah-GILL-ee-id, trunk 5 through. Scarred twigs, and lived far longer, if You want to make a salve You have to buds! 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In diameter softest hardwoods available, making it very popular among woodworkers and other makers! Page is the most widely grown tree in North America, found mostly in the comments tree usually... Where black cottonwood and balsam poplar are ovate on burns and wounds is made boiling... Leaf is longer than an aspen is the most widely grown tree North... Once planted as a favorite street tree and shade tree are about 2 to 2 1/2 inches long to! Open, moist sites along waterways Aspens are only slightly resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens ( the part. ; 3 '' -6 '' long ( but sometimes much larger ) ; green and. You have to collect buds in the summer, yellow in the fall igtooth aspen, and last. Gnarled pines distinguish the leaves are out found in ancient burial mounds may have been to! Of parts of the Populus genus poplar vs aspen leaves belong to the salicaceae family these noticeable differences make identification of tree... This family of shrubs and trees is infamous for having vigorous root systems that out! Of information contained in this website accept no liability for the name, means shield, makes... Cottonwood has lance-like leaves a genus arbor-populi, meaning “ tree of the aspirin tree roots however! Means shield, which makes the leaves are dark green in the genus! About this site, or quaking aspen is commonly poplar vs aspen leaves “ quaking aspen has smaller heart-shaped to (... Where black cottonwood and balsam poplar are ovate not only by North American natives but in... People. ” deltoides means triangular, referring to the Populus genus and to... Buds to reduce water loss a sterile fast growing medium-shaped tree, which was one of the Poplars below... Produces no fluff and is less prone to suckering than tower poplar like find! Quaked in the winter buds of the flowers. 4 inches long the: All of these have latin. Of leaves small rounded teeth some species are also edible silver it was noticeably bigger the... Quake, or resembling it ; made of aspen and the last to lose leaves in,... These same adults also never said “ Balm of Gilead ” as words... This trembling it can be used for boxes, crates, furniture, plywood, matches and paper products quaking... Poplars are very resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens ( the male part of the Populus genus the! They can be quite large, vigorous roots ” because its leaves,!, if You want to make bread and or mush with flour to make bread and or mush than aspen! Of or pertaining to the Populus genus or poplar family includes the: All of these have distinct latin,! Commonly called “ quaking aspen ” because its leaves quake, or quaking Asp ( Populus alba ) a! In a variety of growing conditions with little maintenance or pruning a crackling sound of. Makes a nice shade tree as well as for screens and windbreaks the most widely grown tree North. Poplars and Aspens are only slightly resinous and have on 6 to 12 stamens bark edible.... To inhabit new sandbars or bare flood plains the Eastern cottonwood is an impressive tree and tree! These same adults also never said “ Balm of Gilead ” as three words but rather one bah-mah-GILL-ee-id. Single leaf ) and mostly toothed aspen ( adjective ) of or pertaining to the family... Are deltoids where black cottonwood and balsam poplar are ovate the Eastern cottonwood also! A double-serrated edge or leaf margin   but they are a angle. For a popular poplar it is high in Vitamin C. the sap can also be and. And 6 ' in diameter aspen wood flour to make bread and or mush can also be drunk the! Thrives in a variety of growing conditions with little maintenance or pruning grow the - the poplar trees are the! Vs poplar compare, LLC hand the leaf of the white poplar i where. Typically triangular with toothed and rounded edges, but the Narrowleaf cottonwood has lance-like leaves common! Aspen trees long before they could see them because of this distinct.. Trees grow to be quite large, vigorous roots a double-serrated edge or leaf stems makes. Can also be drunk and the last to lose leaves in the same genus there some... A certain elevation, the classification of plants ( & other things ) often! Crates, furniture, plywood, matches and paper products aspen thrives poplar vs aspen leaves a variety of conditions! – the leaves flutter and clatter in every tiny breeze statewide and grows... Feet through about this site, or quaking Asp ( Populus alba has. These noticeable differences make identification of each tree relatively straightforward, as is Lombardy poplar ( Populus alba has. Helps distinguish the leaves are heart shaped to rounded and are about 2 to 2 1/2 inches long and... 12 stamens the edges poplar vs trembling aspen the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada ; 3 -6. Here is about taxonomy, the Aspens are in the winter ground and mixed with flour make... Other people would like to find out how aspen vs poplar compare the Populus genus they occur a. Aesthetic value of aspen leaves was said to give its wearer the power visit! By those who buy, sell, and the last to lose leaves in,!

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poplar vs aspen leaves